Sometimes, an heir may be deprived of inheriting due to the presence of another heir. This concept is called hujub (exclusion).
There are two types of hujub – Hujub Nuqsaan and Hujub Hirmaan
Hujub Nuqsaan (Partial Exclusion)
This is when an heirs share is reduced due to the presence of another heir. A quick example of this is the case of the husband; If the mayyit (deceased) leaves behind no children, he (the husband) inherits 1/2. If the mayyit does leave behind children, he will be partially excluded to 1/4.
The rules of partial exclusion will be discussed in detail later on, insha’Allah.
Hujub Hirmaan (Total Exclusion)
This is when an heir is completely deprived from inheriting due to the presence of another heir.
The rules of total exclusion will be discussed in-depth in the next post, insha’Allah.