# Month: September 2014

### Solving Problems Using the Principle of `Awl

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In this post, insha’Allah, we will learn how to apply `awl by solving example problems.

It should be understood that `awl can only be applied when the sum of the shares is greater than 1. When the sum of the shares is greater than 1, this will result in the sum of the portions being greater than the base number.

The application of `awl is actually very simple: As discussed in the previous post, after calculating the base number and the resulting portions we find that the sum of the portions is actually greater than the base number. To apply `awl, all we have to do is make this sum our new base number, while keeping the portions the same. This will result in reducing the shares of the categories proportionally.

Lets demonstrate with a few examples, insha’Allah.

### Introduction to `Awl

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Consider the following scenario:

A man dies leaving behind:

• 1 Wife
• Mother
• Father
• 2 Daughters

All of them inherit, no one is excluded. Upon adding up the shares, we find something seemingly strange. Take a look:

1/8 + 1/6 + 1/6 + 2/3 ＝ 1.1259/8

The shares add up to greater than 1. Has there been a mistake? No, not at all. In fact, there are numerous scenarios in which the shares of the heirs add up to greater than 1. Consequently, in these types of problems, when we calculate the base number and the portions given to each heir, we find that the sum of all portions is actually greater than the base number. In such scenarios, we apply the principle of `awl.

### Summary of All Rules for Adjusting the Base Number

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Below is the answer to the problem presented at the end of the previous post:

The estate will be divided into 720 equal portions:

Each Haqeeqi brother receives 50 portions.

The granddaughters are deprived.

Any questions/confusions concerning the above should be posted in the comments section, insha’Allah.

We’ve decided to gather and summarize all the rules for adjusting the base number in one post, for your convenience.

### Adjusting the Base Number When Heirs of Three or More Categories Cannot Share Portions Evenly

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