Month: June 2015

Introduction to Zaawil Arhaam

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In the very first post, The 3 Main Types of Heirs, we learned about the three major types of heirs in `ilm-ul-faraa’idh. These were: zaawil furoodh, `asabaat and zaawil arhaam. At this point, we know quite a bit about the first two types, alhamdulillah. Now, insha’Allah, as promised in the first post, its time to commence a a detailed study of the third type of heir.

Until now, we have been referring to the zaawil arhaam members simply as “non-heirs” for the sake of simplicity. We will no longer be doing this. Now, the only non-heirs are The True Non-Heirs. From this point on, the zaawil arhaam will simply be referred to as zaawil arhaam.

The members of the zaawil arhaam group can be loosely defined as potential heirs who are not already zaawil furoodh or `asabaat.

The zaawil arhaam are divided into four categories:

  1. Descendants (grandchildren, great-grandchildren etc.)
  2. Ascendants (grandparents, great-grandparents etc.)
  3. Nephews and Nieces
  4. Uncles, Aunts and Cousins

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Quiz #2 – Answer Key

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Below you will find the answer key to Quiz #2. All answers are in standard format.

Please check your answers insha’Allah and determine your grade according to the grading method below:

Grading Method:

Each question is worth 1 point for a total of 15 points.

  • An answer in which even a single heir received inheritance when he/she was supposed to be deprived will receive 0 points.
  • An answer in which even a single heir was deprived when he/she was supposed to receive inheritance will receive 0 points.
  • An answer in which even a single heir received more or less than their due share will receive 0 points.
  • An answer in which even a single heir was assigned a non-whole number of portions (i.e. 1.5 portions, 2.33 portions, 1/2 a portion etc.) will receive 0 points.
  • An answer in which a higher base number (and hence, different portions) is used, but ultimately the fractions of portions over base number come out to be equal to the ones in the answer key will receive 1/2 a point. This is because using a higher than necessary base number – although it will get you to the correct answer – is considered inefficient and “bad” inheritance problem-solving practice.
  • All answers to the unborn baby scenarios in which only one case (either the male or female) is correct will receive 1/2 a point. Of course, if both are incorrect, that’s 0 points.
  • All answers to the mafqood scenarios in which only one of the two final answers is correct will receive 1/2 a point. Of course, if both are incorrect, that’s 0 points.
  • A completely correct answer (with same base number and portions used as in the answer key) will receive 1 point.

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