Below is the answer to the problem we concluded with in the previous post:
Firstly, a share will be set aside for the mafqood in this case.
The estate will be divided into 6 equal portions:
The Grandmother will get 1 portion.
The Father will get 1 portion.
4 portions are set aside for the mafqood son in case he returns. In case he is declared dead, the 4 portions will be given to the father, giving him a total of 5 portions.
We have reached another milestone in our study of `ilm-ul-faraa’idh, mashaa’Allah. If you have made it this far, take a second to sincerely say Alhamdulillah.
Below you will find your second major quiz. Be warned that this one is considerably harder than quiz #1. Also know that the study of `ilm-ul-faraa’idh – and therefore our quizzes – are cumulative. Meaning, everything you needed to know for quiz #1 is also necessary to know for quiz #2, along with all the new topics we learned up until this post.
This quiz consists of 15 inheritance scenarios. Each scenario is designed to test you on one or more specific topics; some may involve radd or `awl, some may involve adjusting the base number, some may involve special cases such as the khuntha mushkil or inheritance by dual relationship, and yet others may involve a combination of these. Your job is to simply figure out what kind of problem you are dealing with and come up with a final answer. The final answer, of course, should be written out in the standard format which we are more than familiar with at this point.
Before attempting the quiz, it is advised that you take some time – ideally, at least a few days – to study the material. Anything we’ve learned so far is fair game for the quiz, so its imperative that you at least review all previous posts before scrolling down and even looking at the quiz.
Finally, since this is a major quiz, it goes without saying that you must do it without any outside help and without looking back at previous posts.
In this post, insha’Allah, we will learn how to apply `awl by solving example problems.
It should be understood that `awl can only be applied when the sum of the shares is greater than 1. When the sum of the shares is greater than 1, this will result in the sum of the portions being greater than the base number.
The application of `awl is actually very simple: As discussed in the previous post, after calculating the base number and the resulting portions we find that the sum of the portions is actually greater than the base number. To apply `awl, all we have to do is make this sum our new base number, while keeping the portions the same. This will result in reducing the shares of the categories proportionally.
Lets demonstrate with a few examples, insha’Allah.
Here are the answers to the example problems given at the end of the previous post.
(A) Base Number ＝ 24
(B) Base Number ＝ 10
(C) Base Number ＝ 24
(D) Base Number ＝ 60
(E) Base Number ＝ 210
(F) Base Number ＝ 2856
If you’ve gotten an answer wrong, try to figure out why. If you don’t understand how a particular answer was reached, please express your questions/confusions in the comments section below, insha’Allah.
Lets apply what we learned in the previous post to solving problems with exclusively zaawil furoodh heirs inheriting. We’ll take you through this first example step-by-step.
Example 1: A man dies leaving behind
- 2 Daughters
- 3 Granddaughters
- 2 Haqeeqi sisters
- 1 Haqeeqi nephew
- 2 Maternal aunts