The first category of zaawil arhaam consists of descendants who are not already zaawil furoodh or `asabaat, and can be split into the following three classes:
Class 1: Daughters’ Children
Class 2: Son’s Daughter’s Children
Class 3: Daughter’s Children’s Children
Again, the order here is very important. If a member of class 1 is present, any and all members of class 2 and class 3 are excluded. Similarly, class 2 excludes class 3.
The detailed rules for each class are presented below, followed by examples.
In the very first post, The 3 Main Types of Heirs, we learned about the three major types of heirs in `ilm-ul-faraa’idh. These were: zaawil furoodh, `asabaat and zaawil arhaam. At this point, we know quite a bit about the first two types, alhamdulillah. Now, insha’Allah, as promised in the first post, its time to commence a a detailed study of the third type of heir.
Until now, we have been referring to the zaawil arhaam members simply as “non-heirs” for the sake of simplicity. We will no longer be doing this. Now, the only non-heirs are The True Non-Heirs. From this point on, the zaawil arhaam will simply be referred to as zaawil arhaam.
The members of the zaawil arhaam group can be loosely defined as potential heirs who are not already zaawil furoodh or `asabaat.
The zaawil arhaam are divided into four categories:
- Descendants (grandchildren, great-grandchildren etc.)
- Ascendants (grandparents, great-grandparents etc.)
- Nephews and Nieces
- Uncles, Aunts and Cousins